Policies and mandates


Spain flag

Depositing articles in an open access repository in is regulated at a national level by Act17/2022, September 5, which amends Act14/2011, June 1, for Science, Technology and Innovation, establishes in its article 37 entitled Dissemination in Open Access. On the other hand, article 14.5 of Royal Decree 99/2011 establishes the obligation to deposit approved doctoral theses in open access in the corresponding institutional repository, with some exceptions established in article 14.6.

European Commission

European Commission flag

The European Commission began to promote policies and measures related to open access in 2006. Among the key documents that initiated the first mandates for open access to research results within the European institutions were the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee on scientific information in the digital age: access, dissemination and preservation and the Council Conclusions in 2007. Since then, the European open access policy has been embodied in the successive Framework Programs, the main Community initiative to promote and support R&D&I in the EU.